February 4, 2016
Several expressions exist about the geometry of Europe. Variable-geometry Europe, Europe of concentric circles, multi-speed Europe, core Europe and periphery…
I’ll add one more – Europe of many COWs. It looks like the new formats in the European Union will be inter-governmental, and not of community nature. Those are the “coalitions of the willing”, or COWs. The “enhanced cooperation” is not something new, but COWs may be an even looser format outside the EU treaties. The refugee crisis is already producing such Cows – one for re-settling refugees, another for not taking any. And it’s only a beginning in decomposing Europe. Welcome to the Europe of many COWs.